Olive oil is obtained in industries known traditionally, throughout most of Spain, as ALMAZARAS, meaning OIL MILLS, from the Hispanic Arabic "alma'sára" (with this itself coming from the Classic Arabic "ma'sarah" (RAE Spanish Dictionary)). Other terms are used locally, such as TRUJAL and the more literal MOLINO DE ACEITE (oil mill).
There are currently 1,738
oil mills in Spain, which are distributed across 13 Autonomous Communities, with Andalusia being home to the majority (45%). In turn, 40% of those located in this Autonomous Community are found in the province of Jaén. This region and province are responsible for 77% and 32% of total national output, respectively.
The size of Spanish oil mills (measured in terms of the amount of oil produced per season) varies, with the most common sized mill producing between 20 and 100 tons of oil per month (23.30% of the total). However, the greatest yields come from oil mills with a production range of between 1,000 and 2,500 tons per month (34.05% of total national production, although not reaching 11% in absolute terms).
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